Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
29
Finite element analysis of elastic-plastic solids under Vickers indentation: surface deformation
1
11
EN
Ali
Nayebi
Shiraz University
nayebi7@gmail.com
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3678
Finite element modeling has been used to study the development of surface deformation during indentation with a Vickers indenter. A wide range of materials with different elastic modulus and yield stresses are examined. Results show that in a pyramidal indentation process, for a perfectly plastic material, sinking-in during loading can change to pile-up in unloading. This phenomenon depends on the elastic modulus to yield stress ratio. Results also show that the amount of pile-up cannot be related solely to the strain-hardening exponent, as often assumed. Rather, after initially sinking-in at small depths of penetration, the pile-up for many materials evolves and increases gradually as the indenter is driven into the material. It is shown that the ratio of the plastic volume radius to the indentation depth is nearly constant during loading and it is a function of the yield stress and the Young modulus. Experimental verification in loading and unloading is carried out with the results of Alcala et al. (Acta Materialia, 2000, pp. 3451).
Indentation,Vickers hardness,Isotropic hardening,Pile-up,Sink-in
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3678.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3678_116f1252d70896e5b27396cdf72a8afc.pdf
Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
01
Numerical Investigation of Circular Plates Deformation under Air Blast Wave
12
26
EN
Bahman
Veisi
K. N. Toosi University of Technology
bwaisy@mail.kntu.ac.ir
Keivan
Narooei
K.N. Toosi university of Technology
knarooei@kntu.ac.ir
Jamal
Zamani
K. N. Toosi University of Technology
zamani@kntu.ac.ir
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3679
In the current research the maximum deflection of circular plates made of AA5010 and AA1100 alloys under blast load was investigated. Shock waves were produced by exploding a spherical charge in different distances from the center of plates. The ABAQUS software uses conwep equation for blast loading analysis. It was found the results of these simulations have about 30% to 40% inaccuracy in comparison with experimental results. To improve the accuracy of the simulations the Friedlander equation was used that considers the positive phase of blast wave as exponential and the negative phase as bi-linear function. To this goal, the vdload subroutine was developed. Results were shown the difference between the experimental and simulation was decreased to 8%. Also, the effect of uniform and non-uniform shock waves on the deformation of structure and various types of failure were investigated. It was observed that uniform shock waves can be achieved when the minimum distance between the exploding charge and plate is about 3 times of the radius of plate.
Blast loading,Friedlander equation,Circular plate,Failure,Explosive forming
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3679.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3679_91a6663835a21d6036784f685b539835.pdf
Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
01
A comparative study on constitutive modeling of hot deformation flow curves in AZ91 magnesium alloy
27
37
EN
M.
Rakhshkhorshid
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birjand University of Technology, POBOX 97175-569, Birjand, Iran
m_rakhshkhorshid@yahoo.com
A.R.
Maldar
Materials Engineering Department, Hakim Sabzevari University, POBOX 397, Sabzevar, Iran.
a.r.maldar@gmx.com
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3682
Modeling the flow curves of materials at elevated temperatures is the first step in mathematical simulation of the hot deformation processes of them. In this work a comparative study was provided to examine the capability of three different constitutive equations in modeling the hot deformation flow curves of AZ91 magnesium alloy. For this, the Arrhenius equation with strain dependent constants, the exponential equation with strain dependent constants and a recently developed simple model (developed based on a power function of Zener-Hollomon parameter and a third order polynomial function of ε power a constant number) were examined. Root mean square error (RMSE) criterion was used to assess the modeling performance of the examined constitutive equations. Accordingly, it was found that the Arrhenius equation with strain dependent constants has the best performance for modeling the hot deformation flow curves of AZ91 magnesium alloy. The results can be further used in mathematical simulation of hot deformation manufacturing processes of tested alloy.
Constitutive equations,Hot deformation processes,Arrhenius equation,Exponential equation,AZ91 magnesium alloy
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3682.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3682_2bb3900c55d6e1115264b87aa5cce89f.pdf
Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
30
Simulation of Foaming and Deformation for Composite Aluminum Foams
38
54
EN
Hossein
Bayani
Department of Mining and Metallurgical engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
hossein.bayani@gmail.com
seyed mohammad
Hossein
Mirbagheri
Amirkabir university of technology
smhmirbagheri@aut.ac.ir
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3698
In this study, at the first stage, the rupture criterion of bubbles wall in Aluminum metal foam liquid was investigated by using Lattice Boltzmann. The two phases modeling were accomplished by using a modified Shan-Chen model. This model was run for several bubbles in A356+3wt.%SiC melt system. Then, bubbles morphologies (virtual metallographic) for A356+3wt.%SiC foams were simulated. Results showed that simulation data and the virtual metallographic have a good agreement with the metallographic empirical results after solidification. In the second stage, several cubic A356+3wt.%SiC foams were compressed under uni-axial compression load base on ASTM E9 standard. Stress-strain curves of the foams were determined by a data acquisition system with gain 10 samples per second. Then foams plastic deformation behavior simulated based of a new asymptotic function by ABAQUS software. Discretized digital solid-model of the solid bubbles was prepared by using virtual metallographic images which obtained from present code. Then load-displacement curves were plotted for simulation and experimental results. Results show both curves obtained from experimental and simulation have a good agreement with approximately 1.8% error. Therefore present software could be useful tool for predicting of metal foams plastic deformation behavior without experimental try and error.
Metal Foam Aluminum A356,Lattice Boltzmann Method,Shan-Chen model Plastic deformation,mIR asymptotic model
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3698.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3698_c6aef692242b75e2ab97edd4ffaf829a.pdf
Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
30
Experimental Investigations on Stretchability of an Austentic Stainless Steel 316L
55
64
EN
Naveen Sait
A
Chendhuran College of Engineering and Technology
naveensait@yahoo.co.in
Kathiravan
S
Chendhuran College of Engineering and Technology,
skathiravan04@gmail.com
Ravichandran
M
Chendhuran College of Engineering and Technology
smravichandran@hotmail.com
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3710
The purpose of this investigation is to examine the viability of using the sheet metal for forming applications. Forming limit diagram (FLD) composed of negative and positive minor strain with respect to major strain which occurs at directional zero strain with the critical thickness of sheet metal. The negative minor strain region of FLD is predicted by localized necking. However there is no directional zero strain in the positive minor region of FLD is predicted with help of Marcinaik-Kuczynski assumption. The present work aims to determine the stretchability in terms of limiting strain of Austentic stainless steel 316L using M K analysis and hemi spherical dome stretching. Strain hardening exponent was derived from uni axial tensile test of Austentic stainless steel 316L under different in homogeneity conditions. C++ programme was developed to predict the theoretical FLD and results were compared with experimental value. The limiting strain of material is found as 0.4 in experimental and Marcinaik - Kuczynski analysis. Fractography shows the large amount of cleavage fracture and evidence for cleavage initiating because of other inclusions.
Forming Limit Diagram (FLD),Marcinaik-Kuczynski analysis,Simulation in C++,Sheet Metal,Hill’s Theory of localized necking
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3710.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3710_c2cfc9497048d8e5c39f3720dece2b5e.pdf
Shiraz University
Iranian Journal of Materials Forming
2383-0042
3
1
2016
04
20
Superplasticity of a fine-grained Mg–1.5 wt% Gd alloy after severe plastic deformation
65
74
EN
Nazanin
Bayat Tork
School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology
nazanin.bayat@yahoo.com
Seyed Hossein
Razavi
School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
Iran University of Science &amp; Technology
hrazavi@iust.ac.ir
hassan
Saghafian
School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology
saghafian@iust.ac.ir
Reza
Mahmudi
School of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering,
University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
mahmudi@ut.ac.ir
10.22099/ijmf.2016.3711
The strain rate sensitivity (SRS) of Mg–1.5 wt% Gd processed by conventional extrusion and 2 passes of simple shear extrusion (SSE) was investigated by shear punch testing. Shear punch tests were conducted at initial shear strain rates in the range of 0.003–0.3 s-1 and at temperatures in the range of 573–773 K. A fine-grained microstructure with an average grain size of about 2.5 µm, obtained after 2 passes of SSE, resulted in high SRS index (m-value) of 0.4 at 723 K. The calculated activation energy for 2 passes deformed alloy is 116 kJ/mol which is higher than the activation energy of grain boundary diffusion in magnesium (75 kJ/mol). This higher amount of activation energy can be attributed to the presence of gadolinium in this alloy. This SRS index together with an activation energy of 116 kJ/mol are indicative of a superplastic deformation behavior dominated by grain boundary sliding accommodated by grain boundary diffusion at 723 K.
Severe plastic deformation,Simple Shear Extrusion,Superplasticity,Shear punch test
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3711.html
http://ijmf.shirazu.ac.ir/article_3711_96eeccc261b702222eaef85e5380d8e2.pdf