Textural Evolution of 6061 Aluminum Alloy Processed by Accumulative Roll-Bonding Process

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran

2 School of Engineering, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A9, Canada


A commercial Al-Mg-Si alloy (AA 6061) was deformed by using the accumulative roll bonding (ARB) process for up to five cycles at ambient temperature. The evolution of texture in this process was studied by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. Experimental results indicate that the combination of the shear texture composed of Rotated cube {001} component and the rolling textures that included Copper {112} and Dillamore {4, 4, 11}<11, 11, 8> components developed after the first cycle. During the first cycle, the shear texture was developed as a result of shear deformation induced by high level of friction between the rolls and the sheet. By increasing the number of cycles, the shear texture strength diminished and changed to the rolling texture. After the fifth cycle, a remarkable increase in the rolling texture intensity was observed due to homogenous deformation induced by the presence of fine non-shearable particles. Additionally, the presence of magnesium in solid solution influenced the texture evolution during ARB.


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