Guide for Authors

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The Iranian Journal of Materials Forming (IJMF) covers all forming processes, including sheet forming, bulk forming, powder forming, machining and cutting technologies, non-traditional processes such as abrasive jet, laser or ultrasonic abrasion, micro-forming, hydro-forming, thermo-forming, incremental forming, workability, and formability of all materials and development in severe plastic deformation techniques, etc. The contributions in the field of tools design, manufacturing and control, process chains, virtual manufacturing, and quality assurance in material forming are also welcome.

Mechanical properties of all materials will be considered, including metals, ceramics, polymers, fiber-reinforced materials, composites, glass, biomaterials, ultrafine grain or nanostructured, functionally graded, porous and cellular materials, etc.


Submission of papers

Online Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted using the Shiraz University System available at


 Publication fee

The publication process in the Iranian Journal of Materials Forming is entirely free, and upon the acceptance of a paper, it would be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.


Types of papers

The following types of contributions will be considered for publication in the Iranian Journal of Materials Forming:

 Regular papers

Report new and original research not previously published. Papers may be of a theoretical, experimental, or practical nature provided that they make a contribution to the scientific record.

 Rapid Communications

Report research of immediate value to the scientific community and is limited to a maximum length of 2000 words with an abstract of no more than 50 words and a maximum of six figures.


 A Review paper summarizes the literature on previous studies. It usually does not present any new information on a subject. The main text may consist of several sections with unfixed section titles. We suggest that the author include an "Introduction" section at the beginning, several sections with unfixed titles in the middle part, and a "Conclusion" section in the end.


Ethics in publishing

This journal is following the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws. Our application for COPE membership is now being reviewed. Authors should read the Publication Ethics and make sure that they comply with it.

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

The authors should complete the declaration of interest statement using the provided template (Conflicts of Interest) and upload it to the submission system at the Attach/Upload Files step. 


Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language.


 Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted.



IJMF adopts open-access publishing model and distributes content under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License that clearly states that you can share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format as long as you follow the license terms. The license terms are as follow:

Attribution: You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

NonCommercial: You may not use the material for commercial purposes.

NoDerivatives: If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.

More information on the terms and conditions of this license can be found here.



Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a Copyright Transfer Form (Copyright Transfer Form). Thereby, authors grant IJMF, which identifies itself as the original publisher, exclusive rights to publish their articles, and grants any third party the right to use the articles freely as long as the integrity is maintained and the original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. Copyright is retained by authors. Please make sure that you are well aware of these policies.




Essential title page information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a superscript number immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.



A short, concise and factual abstract, not more than 250 words, is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.



Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


The main text should be sub-divided into Introduction, Experimental Procedure, Theory/Calculation, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, and References. These sub-sections should be numbered accordingly.



State the objectives and the novelty of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Experimental Procedure

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.



A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. This section can be renamed by authors depending on the subject.


Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. The authors should explore the significance of the results of the work. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.



Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.). Please keep any acknowledgements brief and do not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors or any effusive comments.


Author contributions

It is strongly recommended that the authors provide contribution statements to clearly define the role of each author in the research process and enhance transparency. Contribution statements may include the author’s contributions to roles such as conception and design, methodology, data collection, date analysis, writing, reviewing, editing, supervision, resources, etc. The specific contributions of each author can be listed using a taxonomy such as CRediT. For example:

Authors' contributions

First author full name: Conceptualization, Methodology, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Project administration, Writing - original draft

Second author full name: Methodology, Supervision, Software, Resources, Validation

Third author full name: Visualization, Writing - review & editing


Conflict of Interests

All authors are required to disclose any potential conflicts of interest when submitting their article. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential competing interests do or do not exist. Any conflicts of interest should be included in this section.



Authors are requested to identify and acknowledge the funding sources for the conduct of the research and provide grant or contribution numbers. If the research had not received any funds, then this should be stated.


Nomenclature and units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI).



Figures should be embedded in the text and they should be referred to in the text in sequential numeral order (e.g., Fig. 1 or Fig. 1(a)). For review purposes place appropriate captions beneath each illustration (not on the figure itself), not in a separate file. Captions must briefly describe the illustration and contain explanations of all symbols and abbreviations. List each caption at the end of the corresponding figure.


  • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
  • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width. Decide if the figure is to be a one-column figure (maximum width 8 cm, including all labels and legends) or a two-column figure (maximum width 16 cm, including all labels and legends).
  • The variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lower case letters (a, b, c, etc.) within the figures themselves.



Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. 



Equations should be prepared in an editable format. It is highly recommended to use MathType.



Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference style

Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. IJMF follows the APA reference style.

Example: '..... as demonstrated [3, 6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.

Please include DOI links to articles in your reference list.

Reference to a journal publication:

[1] Lee, S. K., Ko, D. C., & Kim, B. M. (2000). Optimal die profile design for uniform microstructure in hot extruded product. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture40(10), 1457-1478.

[2] Kim, N. H., Kang, C. G., & Kim, B. M. (2001). Die design optimization for axisymmetric hot extrusion of metal matrix composites. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences43(6), 1507-1520.

[3] Wifi, A. S., Shatla, M. N., &  Abdel-Hamid, A. (1998). An optimal-curved die profile for hot rod extrusion process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 73(1-3), 97-107.

 Reference to a book:

[1] Avitzur, B. (1968). Metal forming processes and analysis. Mc Graw Hill.


Further considerations

• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar checked'.

• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.

• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed.

• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements.