Influence of High Strain Rates on the Mechanical Behavior of High-Manganese Steels

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Department of Materials Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

In this work, dynamic mechanical properties of three high-manganese steels with TRIP/TWIP or fully TWIP characteristics are studied. High strain rate experiments in the range of true strain rates between ~500 and 1800 /s are conducted using a dynamic torsional testing setup. All the three steels show a positive strain rate sensitivity in the intermediate range of strain rates (up to 500 /s). But, they behave differently as the strain rate is further increased. The steel with the lowest carbon content shows a strain rate softening behavior, while the other two exhibit strain rate hardening. The adiabatic temperature rise of the material greatly influences its stacking fault energy during the high rate dynamic deformation. Thus, unlike the quasi-static experiments, the dominant deformation mechanism of the steel during a dynamic test changes as the deformation progresses. In this regard, the variations of the stacking fault energy during the deformation are calculated for the three steels.

Keywords


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